A Newbie’s Guide to The Most Common Types of Oral Surgeries

One of the main reasons for poor dental health is people putting their visits off to the dentist till it is an emergency. The dentist may even suggest dental surgery if the problem is complicated. However, the fear of pain and expense usually causes greater panic. The problem is people do not understand that dental surgery is common and routinely suggested by dentists to address dental issues. Many of these procedures are simple, quick, and inexpensive. Your dentist and an oral surgeon may work together to assess your oral health condition to determine the optimum treatment method. They will recommend surgery only if non-surgical methods are not workable. Oral surgery scares people because they usually do not understand what it entails. It covers a variety of dental procedures ranging from simple teeth whitening to complicated facial reconstruction for accident victims. Some of the most common oral surgeries are:

Tooth Extraction

Millions of people undergo tooth extraction every year for various reasons like decay, wear and tear, or teeth breaking due to an accident. Tooth extraction is a relatively simple procedure where the dentist administers local anesthesia to numb the area and then extracts the tooth with specialized instruments. The dentist will, thereafter, clean up the socket and suture the wound if necessary for faster healing. The procedure can be completed in one appointment by the dentist, leaving you free to return home in a couple of hours.

Wisdom Teeth Removal

Molars at the back of the jaw often do not emerge in many people till the late teens or even after. However, many times, the wisdom teeth, as they are commonly called, emerge improperly, fail to emerge fully, or crowd adjoining teeth, making it necessary to remove them. The procedure is simple and the same as a tooth extraction though the dentist may need to exercise a little more effort due to difficulty in accessing the tooth.

Dental Implants

If you lose a tooth or multiple teeth in a place where the absence can look unsightly or make eating or chewing food difficult, you may wish to go for a dental implant. The dental implant procedure is complicated and may require several visits to the dental clinic. The procedure involves the dental surgeon implanting a post into the jawbone for each tooth and snapping on the dental implant on the post to restore jaw alignment, chewing ability, and improve your smile. You may require a bone graft if your jawbone structure is not strong enough to offer adequate support to the dental post.

Root Canal

While a tooth extraction is simple and inexpensive, it leaves you toothless and impairs your ability to bite and chew food. Depending on the location of the tooth extracted, your jaw alignment and smile may also be affected. A root canal is a procedure dentists undertake to save the tooth from extraction unless there is severe damage. When decay sets in a tooth, the cavity may expose the dental pulp in the tooth’s core containing nerves, blood vessels, and tissue, says Plainview Cigna dentist Dr. Brayman. You can experience pain and sensitivity if bacteria infect the pulp. The root canal procedure involves the dentist removing the decayed part of the tooth and extracting the infected dental pulp. The fitting of a crown on the tooth gives you a serviceable tooth.


An oral surgeon may recommend an apicoectomy if the root canal procedure is not possible because the root is hooked at the tooth’s bottom, making extraction of the nerve infeasible. Since it leaves the tooth open to infection, an oral surgeon may choose to perform an apicoectomy that involves removing the tip of the root and using inert material to fill the gap.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Corrective Procedures

According to the Sleep Foundation, up to 9% of the adult population of America suffers from obstructive sleep apnea. During sleep, they experience disruption in breathing that may culminate in precariously low oxygen levels. Often doctors recommend surgical intervention for altering the jaw structure, upper airway, or palate. UPP or uvulopalatopharyngoplasty involves removing tissue from the throat and soft palate, tongue advancement, and using soft palate implants. People with Obstructive Sleep Apnea may seek professional assistance from an experienced maxillofacial surgeon. He has specialized training and expertise to perform this type of surgery.

Facial Reconstruction

Several types of trauma could damage the jaw or facial bones or even knock out teeth. Maxillofacial surgeons perform complicated procedures for restoring the appearance and function of the oral cavity, jaw, and face of patients who have met with accidents. According to the extent of damage, facial reconstruction may necessitate multiple surgical interventions over a few months or maybe years. General anesthesia may be administered before performing these procedures. Patients may be advised to stay overnight after the surgery in the hospital.

Cleft Lip or Palate

Expert plastic surgeons generally perform cleft palate or lip surgery on kids. However, qualified maxillofacial surgeons with relevant training and experience also can help rectify this facial defect. Cleft lip or palate may cause issues with speech development and feeding. Babies born with cleft palate seem to have an opening or hole on the roof of the mouth. Often babies are born with upturned front lips. Some babies may have a cleft lip as well as a cleft palate. These defects may be rectified by an expert maxillofacial surgeon.

Cosmetic Surgery

In most cases, cosmetic dentistry or oral surgery is not required for medical reasons but usually for improving looks or smiles. It can involve simple procedures like teeth whitening or extend to composite restoration. Common cosmetic dental treatments include fixing misshapen, stained, or discolored teeth. The simplest form of treatment for aligning teeth or fixing crowded teeth is the brace, a common sight among teenagers and young adults. Typically, cosmetic dental surgery is pain-free and undertaken in the dental clinic. Cosmetic surgery is customized for every patient.


Irrespective of whether you are opting for a major dental procedure or a minor cosmetic surgery, your dentist will be there to guide you and take care of your well-being every step of your medical journey. It is best to adopt a proactive approach, in terms of your oral health to prevent undesirable issues like tooth loss.

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